250-500 words in length on each discussion topic AND respond to the other students’ posts. I have copied their text below. It does not have to be as long as the discussions, but please respond it include your opinions and just write as much as possible.
Discussion1: Theories of Deviance
Choose an example of crime or deviance in the news (make sure to cite your news source or provide a link to the article). Then, explain which theory of deviance you feel best describes this example.
Response 1: On usnews.com, there was an interesting article concerning a couple in Arkansas accused of recording sexual acts in public. The article, https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/arkansas/articles/2017-07-15/arkansas-couple-accused-for-recording-sex-acts-in-public (Links to an external site.), informs that the woman was the one committing the sexual acts while the man was the one recording her sexual interactions. I believe that the theory of deviance that best describes this example is functionalism. The make up of society, the people, is considered functional when and if they contribute to the stabilization of society. Although in this case, the couple in Arkansas disturbs or disrupts social stability through the violation of the law and social deviance. Committing sexual acts or recording public sex acts are seen as deviant behavior because of informal social sanctions and of formal social sanctions. Informal social sanctions, according to our textbook, are the unspoken rules and expectations of the behavior of individuals. On the other hand, formal social sanctions are the laws that prohibit “bad” behavior such as public sex, rape, homicide, or theft.
Discussion2 : Today, an overwhelming majority of Americans report that they are middle class, even if they actually are not. Why do you think this is? Based on your reading of Chapter 7: Stratification, what do you think defines the middle class? Why might people be less likely to refer to themselves as working class or upper class than in the past? Based on the description of the different classes in the United States, to which class do you belong? Explain why you would place yourself in this particular class.
Response 2: I think most people identify themselves as middle class because there really isn’t any definition as to what that means, nor is it commonly known what exactly it means to be identified as upper class or working class. In our text it states that the United States is thought of a middle-class nation, and that 90% of Americans have self-identified with this stratum (258). After reading the text, I think its harder to actually define middle class and I can see why there is confusion. Traditionally non manual jobs that pay significantly more that the poverty line and gave a person a high material standard of living was the definition of the middle class. But these definitions do not hold up in current society. I think people might find it confusing trying to define what class they are in and that inhibits them from using any distinction.
I would classify myself as middle class since my family is not at the poverty level nor is it at the upper class level. My father has a career that covers our monthly expenses without worry and is also able to pay for my sister and me to go to college and we have money for entertainment and vacation. My sister has graduated and is working in San Francisco. She said that even though she makes a decent salary, that most of her paycheck goes to the high rent. She said that her income is considered low-income because of the extremely high cost of living in San Francisco. Maybe that’s why there is such confusion in defining middle class. You can’t just use a dollar figure because you need to factor in the huge extremes of cost-of-living across the United States.
(Please write 2 discussions follow the instruction below, at least 250 words )
For credit each week, you will be graded on participating in a “Discussions” forum where you will start threads and/or reply to discussions already started. Your discussion choices can be related to anything focused on Earth Science. Examples of the most popular post types are:
- Current happenings in the news;
- A documentary watched;
- A topic brought up in lecture
You can discuss anything you wish to discuss, so long as the topics you choose are focused on the earth sciences, and not the biological sciences. Pure biological science posts, including marine biology, are considered off-topic unless the focus of the post is still Earth Sciences. A good rule of thumb is if you are tempted to title your discussion something regarding a life form, it’s probably not going to get credit for you in the discussion. However, you can always check with me before posting if you want to make sure your new topic will count for credit.
AND respond to the other students’ posts. I have copied the text below. Please respond it include your opinions and write as much as possible. at least 150 words
Response 1: We always discuss something that how we cause the pollution to the air or water. What if we use some energy that will never run out and it won’t cause the pollution? Renewable energy is an energy that won’t use up. For example, wind power, solar energy and hydropower. I think we should develop more renewable energy because one day we will use up all non-renewable energy. Furthermore, the reason to use renewable energy is because it will produce less pollution and protect the environment. Therefore, people do not need to find some solutions for problems. There are some facts we should know. For example, If you could harness the energy from all the sunlight that falls on the Earth in one hour, you would have enough energy to supply the world for a year. Also, a single large wind turbine used instead of burning coal can prevent the emission of 5000 tons of carbon dioxide each year. How important are those facts we should know!
Response 2: The Earth’s surface is covered in two thirds water. Our human population is increasing over time and that makes the demand for water higher. But human activity is contaminating our water and it decreases the quality of the water. Around the 19th century, people took more cautions in our environment and learned to take better care of it. But over time as the human population increased, they started to care less and less. Water pollution has started to become more and more serious. Many different substances have contaminated the water affecting the organisms that live in it. Not only does it affect the marine animals, it also affects us humans. Many people enjoy eating seafood and if the water is not clean, we end up eating the toxic chemicals. Besides toxic chemicals, the ocean is also contaminated by the litter we humans throw in the ocean. Those people treat the ocean like a trash can and are careless by the harm they cause to the environment.
Fortunately, there are ways to put a stop to this issue. We could address the problem to people through ads and educate kids so they could tell their parents. The government could also enforce laws to govern the oceans. Right now, there are a few laws to protect the ocean by its not enough. The laws need to be stricter so people will actually pay attention to them. Unfortunately, it will take a while before these actions will actually make an impact. But it’s better to do something than nothing. If we work together to raise awareness, we could change the future little by little.