1 The goal of health services research is to acquire and disseminate relevant evidence that can advance population health, improve health services and inform health policy in governments and organizational policies in health care for this week pick up one of the following areas and discuss:
- What are the major steps in the conceptualization stage of health services research?
- What is Health Services Research? What are the overall goals of health system research? What are the functions of health research systems?
- Discuss main components of a research question (this is a general discussion and you can discuss health system research as a general term)
- What are the unique characteristics of medical care services compared with other market products or services?
Ten steps for conceptualizing and conducting qualitative research studies in a pragmatically curious manner
Arrow and the Information Market Failure in Health Care
Participatory Research Methods: A Methodological Approach in Motion
2 Our main discussion focuses on this week discussion are about research method and techniques, pick up one of the following topics and discuss.
1) Discuss and explain data preparation process.
2) Discuss and explain data validation and verification process.
3) Discuss different measure of significance and compare and explain Chi-Sqr.
4) Identify the major types of relationship between variables
Data preparation: http://paginas.fe.up.pt/~ec/files_1112/week_03_Data_Preparation.pdf
Data Preparation and Processing: http://www.slideshare.net/gondaliyamehul/data-preparation-and-processing
Data preparation for data mining
Data validation, processing, and reporting
3 In last week we discussed research techniques, this week discussion focuses on the other aspects of research, please pick up one of the following areas and discuss:
1) Different types of bias in research and discuss.
2) Experimental and Non-Experimental Research
3) Distinguishing between a Sample and a Population and then compare at least two sampling methods (e.g. random sampling vs. stratified random sampling or convenience and quota sampling methods?
4) What specific steps would you have taken to obtain a representative sample?
4The main focus of this week discussion is about major search tools used by health scientists, covering the two main databases which contain the majority of health science research (PubMed and PsycINFO); please pick up one of the following topics and discuss:
A) Systematic review (definition and techniques)
B) PubMed and PsycINFO data-sets and systematic search strategy,
C) Different types of bias in systematic review
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions ( See: http://handbook.cochrane.org/)
Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: a step-by-step guide
5 Part 1: Case Study, Challenging questions
Dr. Jones and Dr. Smith are researchers based in the same department at a UK university. They have been working on a joint research project for several years, publishing a number of articles on their work in peer-reviewed journals. The two researchers are now producing a book about their research. The research was conducted under the auspices of their university.
The final manuscript was submitted to the publishers a while ago and Dr. Jones contacts the firm for an update. He is surprised and very upset when the publishers tell him that the book is to be published by Dr. Smith as the sole author. Dr. Jones is informed that his role in both the research and the book itself will be acknowledged in the list of contributors to the project, nothing more. The publishers decision is based on information supplied by Dr. Smith.
As far as Dr. Jones is concerned, he wrote the book with Dr. Smith and should also be credited as an author of the work. Indeed, he is convinced that he and Dr. Smith had previously agreed that the book was a joint work and that they would each receive co-authorship. He does not remember having any written record of this agreement or of any discussions regarding authorship.
Dr. Jones speaks to Dr. Smith in an attempt to reach some sort of agreement on the matter but the position remains unchanged. He then tries speaking to the publishers of the book. They say that they have received reassurances from Dr. Smith which they accept and they have no plans to change the attribution of authorship.
Prior to this dispute, Dr. Jones believed that he had a good working relationship with Dr. Smith. As well as wanting to resolve the issue of authorship, he is also concerned how his career may be affected by the dispute with Dr. Smith.
In your response to this sectionanswer to at least 2 following questions:
– What could Dr. Jones do?
– What evidence or other information might shed some light on the matter?
– How might the situation be resolved?
– Could anything have been done to prevent this situation from occurring in the first place?